Machu Picchu is one of the iconic places to visit in Peru. The word Machu Picchu means old mountains. This place is built by ancient Inca Civilization around 5,000 years ago. The whole city is built of stones. It is the perfect example of marvel of the engineering. The city was discovered by Yale University Professor Hiram Bringham III. It was given the status of World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. UNESCO described it as “an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca Civilization.”
Though the place is well known for ruins of Inca Trail, but you can also enjoy natural beauty and vegetation in Machu Picchu. It is surrounded by mountains, forests, rivers and vegetation. You will find beautiful birds like Andean Condor, Green Jay, Cloaked bird. These beautiful birds are colourful and lovely. There is a high probability of finding giant hummingbird. Llamas and Alpacas are the natural inhabitants of Machu Picchu. They can be found everywhere in Machu Picchu.
You can visit Machu Picchu in any part of the year. It remains open for almost eleven months in a year. Due to heavy rain in the month of February, Inca Trail is closed in the month of February. It has a warm and humid climate during the day and clear weather at night. The temperature ranges between 54°F -75°F. You can visit Machu Picchu during the day either from 6am to 12pm or 12pm -5:30 pm. Though you can visit any time of day but it is best to start your expedition in the early morning.
The picturesque view mesmerizes your eye. The surroundings are lovely and beautiful. It is one of the awesome places to spend your time from the hustle-bustle of city life. If you love trekking, then Machu Picchu should be one of the places to visit in your travel list. Let us see the best time to visit Machu Picchu.
June -September (Dry Season)
The best time to visit Machu Picchu is in the month of June-September. This period is usually dry in Machu Picchu. The weather is clear and fine. There is no heavy rainfall. This is the best time to appreciate the beauty of Machu Picchu. You will enjoy visiting Inca Citadel in the month of July-October. In fact it is the busiest time of the year. Thousands of tourists prefer to visit Machu Picchu during this period. The weather is clear and perfect for picturesque viewing. You will enjoy the beauty of nature. If you are interested in Trekking, then this is the best time to visit in Machu Picchu.
The benefit of visiting during dry seasons is that roads are safe. You have maximum time to spend your time in the outdoor activities. The views are clear. Besides this you do not need to carry a lot of luggage during this time. However, you need to book your arrangements in advance. The demand for hotels increases during the peak seasons.
November-April (Wet Seasons)
There is high rainfall during the month of November-April. The weather is rainy. There is 1600-2300 mm rainfall and average humidity is around 91%. The average annual temperature is 26°C. During this path become muddy and you need to take care of your steps. Some places are inundated with water. But if you want to experience the peace and beauty of the Inca Trail then this is the must go time for you. There are fewer tourists. You can get better hotels at the reasonable price. You will have sufficient time to take photos of your favourite place and enjoy the beautiful scene of from your favourite spots.
But if you are planning to visit in rainy season, make sure that your trip is a little longer. There is a higher possibility of heavy rain, and you have to spend your time sitting in hotels. You need to carry lots of T-shirt as rain can come anytime. Always carry a raincoat and umbrella with yourself. You can never predict unusual weather at Machu Picchu. Since it is part of Amazon Forest vegetation carry with mosquito repellents to keep yourself protected of mosquitoes.
Things to keep in Mind
We all love visiting our places of interest. But it is necessary to know a little regarding regulations that we have to follow after visiting there. If you do not know about it earlier than you have to make last minutes arrangement that ruins the pleasure of the place. These regulations are not made to harsh you but to preserve the site for future generation. Just have a glance over it.
You should have a proper food before starting your expedition to the Machu Picchu. You are not allowed to carry food and drink to Machu Picchu. Smoking is prohibited. You are not allowed to carry backpacks greater than 40X35X20cm. You cannot carry any equipment or bulky items like tripods stands for photography or push chair for your babies.
Only the adults or someone with the disability is allowed to carry special rubber-tipped walking sticks in order to avoid damage to the site. You have to wear proper footwear that are not high heeled and damages the site. You have to follow the routes and climbing over the walls is not allowed.
Though the preferred time to visit Machu Picchu is June–September but you can visit Machu Picchu any time of the year. The tickets are sold out before six months during the peak seasons. So, if you cannot make it during peak seasons prefer during onset of dry seasons. The cost will be less, and you will have a good time in the valley. There will be fewer crowds during this period. You will enjoy the serenity and peace of the ruins.
Machu Picchu has a wide variety of ferns, mosses and greenery covering the mountains. It has beautiful and rare species of the plant making it one of the beautiful places in the world. The remnants of Inca Trail give it a beautiful look. It is an excellent example of architecture of ancient time. This city is built of stones without the use of mortar.